Louisiana Desegregation Cases

Hall vs. St. Helena Parish School Board

Desegregation of the Louisiana school system is an issue that still touches the state today.

Most people look at the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas as the start of desegregation of the school system.   John Hall submitted a case against the St. Helena parish School board in 1952 when the School District ran out of money to  fund a the construction of a new school.  Future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall represented Hall during this desegregation case.

Hall vs. St. Helena Parish School Board was finally resolved on March 18th, 2018 

Since May 20th, 1960 when the Supreme Court entered an order to enjoin the state and St. Helena Parish School board from excluding African American Students from public schools because of race, the U.S. District Court has overseen the school district’s efforts to comply with the court order.

Compliance with the order is demonstrated by reaching an “unitary status”. The school must demonstrate that it eliminated intentional student segregation in student/faculty assignment, transportation, extracurricular activities and facilities.

April 5th, 2016 – St. Helena School district reached unitary status in all areas except student assignment

February 15th, 2018 – All parties of litigation filed a joint motion seeking dismissal of action.  Declaration that district had reached unitary status.

March 14th, 2018 – The judge granted the joint motion dissolving all injunctions and dismissing the matter with prejudice.

Listing of Louisiana Desegregation Court Cases

Even today, many of Louisiana’s Cities and School Districts are attempting to achieve “unitary status” from their individual court cases.

The “Parish Desegregation Status Matrix” from Tulane University’s Cowen Institute For Public Education Initiatives shows that only 21 of the 69 districts had achieved unitary status by August 10th, 2010. 8 districts never had a court order. 42 still remained under their 1950-1970s court orders.

The matrix shows the court cases which marked the end of segregation in Louisiana’s school systems today. It also shows the efforts parishes made to reach that “unitary status”.

Unitary Status does not mean that everything is “okay”. Cases have been examined.

Thomas vs. St. Martin School Board

On 2009 – A federal judge reviewed old court filings from St. Martin Parish School board to question whether the 1965 case had been officially closed in 1974.

2012 – U.S. District Judge Elizabeth Foote ruled that the case remains open since the 1974 court order bringing the case to a close was ambiguous.

PARISHES RECENTLY ACHIEVING UNITARY STATUS

Since August 10th, 2010, the date of Parish Desegregation of Matrix,  the following parishes have reached unitary status in all areas:

(Current as of April 15th, 2018)

Evangeline Parish –  unitary status granted May 16th, 2012 – injunction entered August 5th, 1969

Natchitoches Parish – Granted unitary status September 29th, 2017 – Case is still not closed, court will continue to monitor progress made in case until December 31st, 2020. Initial motion was filed September 17th, 1980 –

St. Helena Parish – March, 14th 2018

-During this time period, school boards parishes have worked to achieve unitary status in some of the categories while working towards the unitary status.

Sources:

http://www.wafb.com/story/37727803/oldest-school-desegregation-case-in-la-finally-resolved

http://www.theadvocate.com/acadiana/news/article_48e2a0ce-b8f3-5e71-9e3b-e7fb6f24767a.html

https://docs.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/louisiana/lawdce/6:1965cv11053/64869/392

https://docs.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/louisiana/lawdce/1:1980cv01422/98195/149

SD-LA-0002 : Jones v. Caddo Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0012 : Johnson v. Jackson Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0006 : Banks v. Claiborne Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0005 : Andrews v. City of Monroe (La.) (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0007 : Smith vs. Concordia Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0010 : U.S. v. Desoto Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0004 : United States of America v. Avoyelles Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0016 : Graham v. Evangeline Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0011 : U.S. v. Catahoula Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0019 : United States v. Morehouse Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0026 : Hall and United States of America v. St. Helena Parish School Board (M.D. La.)
SD-LA-0015 : United States v. Lincoln Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0014 : Conley v. Lake Charles School Board, Calcasieu Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0025 : MONTEILH v. ST. LANDRY PARISH SCHOOL BOARD (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0023 : United States of America v. Richland Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0021 : Taylor v. Ouachita Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0008 : US v. School Board of Beinville Parish (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0028 : CLEVELAND v. UNION PARISH SCHOOL BOARD (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0029 : Gilbert v. Webster Parish School District (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0018 : Williams v. Kimbrough (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0038 : Trahan v. Lafayette Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0039 : Battise v. Acadia Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0040 : Valley v. Rapides Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0041 : Robertson v. Natchitoches Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0042 : Henderson v. Iberia Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0043 : Thomas v. St. Martin Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0044 : Boudreaux v. St. Mary Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0045 : Celestain v. Vermilion Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0046 : United States v. Grant Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0047 : United States v. East Carroll Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0048 : Moore v. Winn Parish School Board (W.D. La.)
Docket(s)
5:65-cv-11055-EEF (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9003.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/04/1965
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
6:65-cv-11053-TLM (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9006.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/29/1998
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:69-cv-14429-RGJ-KLH (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/15/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:69-cv-14430-DDD (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9004.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/31/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
6:65-cv-11053 (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9007.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/16/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:69-cv-14429-RGJ-KLH (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/04/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
5:65-cv-11055-EEF (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9002.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/19/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:69-cv-14430-DDD (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9005.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/13/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:69-cv-14430-DDD (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9004.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/31/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
6:65-cv-11053 (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9007.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/16/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:69-cv-14429-RGJ-KLH (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/04/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
5:65-cv-11055-EEF (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9002.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/19/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
1:69-cv-14430-DDD (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0037-9005.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/13/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]

Dawkins, Benjamin Cornwell Jr. (W.D. La.) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003 | SD-LA-0037-9004

Drell, Dee D. (W.D. La.) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9005

Foote, Elizabeth Erny (W.D. La.) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9002

Hayes, Karen L. (W.D. La.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001

Hunter, Edwin Ford Jr. (W.D. La.) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003 | SD-LA-0037-9004

James, Robert Gillespie (W.D. La.) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9000 | SD-LA-0037-9001

Melacon, Tucker L. Court not on record show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Scott, Nauman Steele (W.D. La.) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003 | SD-LA-0037-9004

Bell, Murphy W. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Burson, I. Jackson (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Chachkin, Norman J. (New York) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Dann, Mark (District of Columbia) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001

Douglas, Nathaniel (District of Columbia) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9004

Flanagan, William J. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9002

Ford, Margrett (New York) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9006

Ford, Margrett (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Goldschmidt, Iris (District of Columbia) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001

Hebert, Janice E. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001 | SD-LA-0037-9005 | SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Manuel, B.J. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Marshall, Franz (District of Columbia) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001 | SD-LA-0037-9002 | SD-LA-0037-9004 | SD-LA-0037-9005 | SD-LA-0037-9006

McCarthy, Emily H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001

McGee, Daniel J. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Mitchell, John W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9000

Morial, Ernest N. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003

Shaheen, Edward L. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9000

Skinner, Michael D. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003 | SD-LA-0037-9004 | SD-LA-0037-9006

Soileau, Donald (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Stone, Jesse N. Jr. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003

Taylor, Lisa M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9005 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Trudeau, A.M. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003

Vincent, Katherine (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001 | SD-LA-0037-9005 | SD-LA-0037-9007

White, Marion Overton (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Abrams, Reginald W. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9002

Coreil, C. Brent (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Dill, Pamela W (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Hammonds, Robert L. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9004 | SD-LA-0037-9005 | SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Ieyoub, Richard P. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9006 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Johnson, John (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9004

Johnston, J. Bennett Jr. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9003

Katz, Stephen J. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9001

Kostelka, Robert W. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9000

Pucheu, J. William (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Sutherland, Fred H. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9002 | SD-LA-0037-9007

Wright, Jack Jr. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9005

Dardeau, Wayne N. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Domingue, Lamont P. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Fleshman, Edwin W. (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Hoang, Hoai Thanh (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007

Savoy, Arthur (Louisiana) show/hide docs

SD-LA-0037-9007